ADHD

Lifestyle Modifications

NUTRITION

  • There is some/weak evidence that a diet high in refined sugar and saturated fats increases the risk of ADHD, while a healthy diet characterized by a high intake of fruits and vegetable may prevent ADHD and hyperactivity (2)
  • Supplementation with vitamin D as an adjunct therapy to methylphenidate may improve symptoms (5)
  • There are mixed findings about the effect of supplementation with omega 3 fatty acids on ADHD symptoms (3, 4)

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

  • Exercise may reduce cognitive symptoms in people with ADHD (1)

References

1) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0022395619306168

2) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0165032718329720

3) https://www.nature.com/articles/npp2017160

4) https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/13/4/1226

5) https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/cap.2019.0059


Resources

EXPLANATION TO EVIDENCE PRESENTATION

Figure: Evidence pyramid

Evidence based on guidelines and evidence based Clinical Decision Systems is written in BOLD font

Evidence based on meta analysis or systematic reviews is written in BOLD and CURSIVE font

​Evidence based on randomized controlled trials is written in PLAIN font

Evidence based on observational / cohort studies is written in CURSIVE font