Gastritis and Peptic Ulcer Disease

Lifestyle modifications

NUTRITION

  • Alcohol: Patients with alcohol associated gastritis should reduce or avoid alcohol (1)
  • Vitamin B12: Patients with autoimmune gastritis have increased risk of reduced vitamin b12 absorption and deficiency (1).

SMOKING

  • Smoking damages the gastric mucosa (2)
  • Smoking increases the risk of eradication failure of Helicobacter pylori (1)

References

1) https://bestpractice.bmj.com/topics/en-gb/816/management-approach

2) https://legehandboka.no/handboken/kliniske-kapitler/magetarm/tilstander-og-sykdommer/magesekk/gastritt


Resources

EXPLANATION TO EVIDENCE PRESENTATION

Figure: Evidence pyramid

Evidence based on guidelines and evidence based Clinical Decision Systems is written in BOLD font

Evidence based on meta analysis or systematic reviews is written in BOLD and CURSIVE font

​Evidence based on randomized controlled trials is written in PLAIN font

Evidence based on observational / cohort studies is written in CURSIVE font